Insomnia is the trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Not getting enough high-quality sleep can increase risk of depression, weight gain, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and memory and concentration problems. It can cause difficulty with daily activities.
Insomnia is the most common sleep-related problem affecting about one-third of adults.
It is important to keep the biologic cycle of sleeping and wakefulness steady throughout the day, by setting a bedtime and a wake-up time. Most people need 7 – 9 hours of sleep at night, and keeping a consistent cycle is essential to get the best rest. To get prepare mentally for sleep, it is important to avoid light in the bedroom, to refrain from any caffeinated drinks, alcohol, smoking or late heavy meals, and not to exercise before bedtime. It is also important to avoid long naps during the daytime.