Hernias are a common medical condition that can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender. In men, there are four types of hernias that are most commonly seen: the inguinal (groin) hernia, the sports hernia (athletic pubalgia), the femoral hernia, and the umbilical (belly button) hernia. Each type of hernia has its own unique symptoms and treatment methods. In this blog post, we will discuss each type of hernia in detail and provide information on how to best treat them.
Inguinal (Groin) Hernia
The inguinal (groin) hernia is the most common type of hernia in men. It occurs when a weak spot in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the intestine to push through into the groin area. This can cause pain and swelling in the groin area. Inguinal hernias can be the result of weak abdominal muscles, as well as from excess strain caused by heavy lifting, weight gain, coughing, constipation, or problems with urination. In cases where a hernia is causing symptoms, interfering with intestinal function, or growing, it will need to be surgically repaired.
Sports Hernia (Athletic Pubalgia)
The sports hernia is a type of injury that is seen in athletes, particularly those who play contact sports such as soccer, hockey, and football. However, skiers and joggers are also prone to sports hernias. It occurs when the muscles and tendons in the groin area are overstretched or torn. This can cause pain and swelling in the groin area that increases with activity and improves with rest. Treatment for a sports hernia involves rest, ice, and pain medication, however surgery is usually recommended.
A femoral hernia occurs when a weak spot in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the intestine to push through into the femoral canal. It generally presents as a bulge near the upper thigh. This can cause pain and swelling in the groin area, as well as pain in or around the hip. Femoral hernias can be due to weak tissues around the femoral canal, as well as straining due to obesity, constipation, chronic cough, heavy lifting, or difficulty urinating due to an enlarged prostate. Femoral hernias can be treated surgically, and strangulated hernias require immediate medical attention. A strangulated hernia occurs when blood supply to the intestines’ is cut off. This can cause sudden, sharp groin pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Umbilical (Belly Button) Hernia
An umbilical hernia occurs when a weak spot in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the intestine to push through into the belly button. This can cause pain and swelling in the belly button area, however they rarely cause threatening health conditions. Umbilical hernias are more common in children, however they can occur in adults who have increased abdominal pressure and/or weak abdominal muscles. Since umbilical hernias are not usually serious, they are often surgically repaired for cosmetic reasons.
In this blog, we have discussed the four types of hernias that are most commonly seen in men: inguinal (groin) hernia, sports hernia (athletic pubalgia), femoral hernia, and umbilical (belly button) hernia. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with hernias, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Hernias can often be treated successfully if they are caught early. If you have any questions or concerns about hernias, please do not hesitate to speak with your doctor.